Homebasing. It has its roots around the travelling military families who change bases. Same with other types of families like expats, people who work in international organizations and so on.
It’s still consider it as travelling but it totally depends. For example, if you are ‘homebasing’ in a culture and country completely different to your own, you’d still be spending many months in that travel type of mindset. Especially if you intend to integrate yourself in the culture and community (ie make friends, learn a language, and so on). In fact, it’s hard to move around and put down roots, so having a homebase is a balance of being able to travel, while also being able to put down some sort of roots in a place long enough to develop friendships, business partnerships, learn the language, learn the culture and so on. And one of the issues some people have is absence of roots (at least for those that want to do this for a long time, and want to keep some sanity with them or something).
Another thing is that if you experience a location / city / country for a year then you can really see how it is for a ‘normal person’ living there – for example, being able to follow through with the seasons if you are in the northern hemisphere or being able to experience what the holidays and special events are like for the calendar.
Now, if I was homebasing in my own country and staying one hour away from where I grew up in, I wouldn’t really consider it travelling unless my agenda is to go bushwalking and going on the beach before spending a year in a different culture that’s the complete opposite.